Tesla Model Y - Purchase Experience using a Referral Code
Report 16 by Carl Morrison, July 15, 2021
Comments welcomed at:  Carl@TeslaTouring.com

This is my Sixteenth report on our 13-month-old 2020 Tesla Model 3, Standard Range Plus, Rear-Wheel Drive, 19" wheels, Multicoat Red, posted at TeslaTouring.com/carl. 

In this report I cover:

(Click the title of the article you want to read, or just go down this page to read them in order.)

            1. Buying a Tesla with a Referral Code.
Formula E street racing series' manufacturers making street prototypes using their track racing research.

           3.  Which Formula E manufacturers have street models?

           4.  "How much does it cost to charge your EV?"

           5.  Before you take delivery of a Tesla, or any Electric Vehicle, be prepared to charge at home.

           6.  Are Electric Cars Worse For The Environment?

           7.  Afterlife of EV Batteries

           8.  Are Electric Cars Really Better for the Environment?

           9.  How Miserable Is A Tesla Road Trip?

         10.  "This Rookie Mistake Almost Left [them] Stranded"

         11.  Hypermiling is the sport of squeezing a gallon of gas until it screams.

         12.   How many miles can I drive after my electric vehicle says zero miles left?

         13.   Non-Tesla Charging Challenges.

         14.   My Referral Number

Buying a Tesla with a Referral Code.

Long Range, Dual Motor, 20" wheels, Black Interior, Blacked out chrome.


Soon we will be a 2-Tesla family.  Our son, Matthew, ordered a Tesla Y May 11, 2021 (drawing and stats above).  As of July 16, the delivery day has been pushed back to September.

Using a Referral Code will get you 1,000 miles of free charging at any of the thousands of Tesla SuperChargers and the Tesla owner who gives you the code will also receive 1,000 miles of Supercharging.

A Referral Code looks like this: 
My Referral Number is  https://ts.la/carl41979  Just click the URL to the left to go to the Tesla.com site, start a free account, and it will explain the benefits of using a referral number.

.ModelYCost.jpg   FSDExplained.jpg   TowHitch.jpg

(Double click any image above and below for a much larger copy.)

To purchase a Tesla, you use someone's referral code (mine is above) to go to Tesla.com and set up an account.  Once Matt selected Model Y, he was presented with these choices (above) Range, Full Self Driving (or not), Tow Hitch (or not), number of seats, 19" or 20" wheel and tire size (Matt selected 20" black rims), and interior color.  The purchase price does not show trade in value.



Specs for Matthew's Tesla Model Y.

Formula E street racing series' manufacturers making street prototypes using their track racing research.

July 10,2021 Formula E New York City race winner, Max Guenter of BMW.
Michael Andretti is the BMW team owner.

Formula E currently has 12 teams and 24 drivers. Among them,  Audi, DS Automobiles, Jaguar, Mahindra, Mercedes, NIO, Nissan, and Porsche.

You can bet that these other manufacturers are all doing what BMW is doing. They wouldn’t plop down all of the cash it takes to run a Formula E team and then not take the new technologies home and use them for EVs on the street. This is clearly a global thing, as we see teams from China, India, Europe, and the US all pushing the state of the art forward.

BMW did point out that it feels like they’ve gotten about all out of it that they could unless the race changes in the future, and it is not the only one looking for other racing opportunities to keep growing. For example, Audi is going to switch its racing teams to running the Dakar Rally in 2022, with a beefy off-road series hybrid (because there aren’t any charging stations).

It’s good to see that racing is going to be alive and well even as things trend toward electric.

The E-Prix lasts for 45-minutes. At the end, once the 45minutes are up and the leader has crossed the finish line, there's still one more lap to go until the race finishes.The E-Prix lasts for 45-minutes. At the end, once the 45minutes are up and the leader has crossed the finish line, there's still one more lap to go until the race finishes.

The global electric street racing series. We are Positively Charged:  https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/championship/positivelycharged

Before a race, much time is spent in a simulator on the specific race course to develop strategy on every foot of the track.

During the race, real-time information is passed to the drivers for energy management. (This is one team of 2 cars and drivers.)

Formula E Explained:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hoBHdtrnsww

Which Formula E manufacturers have street models?

Complete Video:  https://youtu.be/sPv4n1LWU4s

Formula E brings racing tech to the road. With major global car brands going head to head, Formula E is more than just a racing series - it's a battle for the future. Cars, powered by pure electricity, pave the way for the cars of tomorrow.

Source:  https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2020/october/watch-evs-from-formula-e-manufacturers

"How much does it cost to charge your EV?"

The most often asked question by non-EV owners is, "How much does it cost to charge your EV?"  The answer is "about 3.6 cents per mile" charging at home on a former electric dryer 220 outlet.  However, since the combusion engine owner asking the question does not know how much he pays per mile for gas, it is pretty much meaningless.

I have owned our 2020 Tesla Model 3, RWD, 250 mi. range, BEV for 13 months.  Bought it in May, 2020, during COVID-19 and it was delivered June 9, 2020 and the first 10 months were during isolation at the beginning of COVID through our getting vaccinations.  However, I am retired and do not commute to work daily.

A Tesla keeps track of the miles it is driven, the electrical usage in kWh, and the Wh/mi.  These figures at 10 months are listed below.(April 17, 2021).


Therefore,  I have averaged 241 Wh per mile of electricity to drive our Tesla Model 3.  Still not meaningful to most car owners.  Southern California Edison customers have a "Super off peak" (10 pm - 8 am) rate of $.08883 cents per kWh plus $ .06353 "Generation Charge" making my best charging rate $ .15 cents per kWh.  I have the Tesla set to charge starting at 12:30 am, after most other electrical items in the house are off, except for some computers, and heating or air conditioning.  The total kWh used in our Tesla during ownership, cost us $262.35 for 10 months, or 7,268 miles.  That is actually $ .036 per mile.  (Actually, less because 2,000 miles were at Tesla Supercharging and free because of the use of 2 referral codes.)

Our second car is a 2013 Chrysler Town and Country which gets 18 mpg city.  With the current gas price in my area at $4, it would have cost me 7,268/18 * 4 or $1,615.11 in gas.  A savings of $1,352.76.

There are so many variables, but charging an EV is less than running a dishwasher.  That is probably the easiest way to put it.

The graphic above by Tesla of our Model 3 might help; it gets 141 miles per gallon equvalent or .0025 (1/4 of one cent per mile).  Our Town and Country gets 20 mph on a good day.  That is simply $ .22 per mile.

Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 (DC Fast) Charging Explained.

Double click the image above for a much larger copy.


Before you take delivery of a Tesla, or any Electric Vehicle, be prepared to charge at home.

If you are planning to charge at a nearby Tesla Supercharger, realize that it will cost you $ .42 per Kilowatt Hour to charge, but if you charge at home, it will cost you only about $ .13 per Kilowatt Hour.  At the Supercharger you will save time since they charge up to 300 miles per hour of charging, but it costs you more.  If time is not an issue, charge at night at home when the rates are super low.

I moved an unused dryer recepticle to the garage wall and it worked perfectly to charge our Model 3 for the first year, using the charging cable provided to all Tesla owners.

However, with a second Tesla coming to the family,  I purchased a SplitVolt switch which allows us to plug in both Teslas and it controls charging to one car at a time, and keeps track of the electricity used.

Link to purchase SplitVolt at Amazon.com.
IMG_4073.jpeg    IMG_4074.jpeg

Above left, Former dryer plug moved to garage side of wall.  Above right, Split Volt with 2 welder's extension cords plugged in for 2 Tesla mobile chargers.  The welder's extension cords were used so I could run them through the rafters in our garage rather than having them on the floor as a trip hazard.  This arrangement also allows for charging one of the Teslas outside the garage since I can get only one Tesla in the garage...another story.



Mobile Connector that comes with the Tesla. 

I did not purchase a Wall Connector, but use the Mobile Connector full time, saving $500.  I will take the Mobile Connector with me when I travel since it is not permanently installed, but just plugged into the Split Volt switch.

My former dryer plug is a  NEMA 10-30, 240 volt / on a 30 amp breaker.

Are Electric Cars Worse For The Environment?


Research by Jason Fenske - Channel Owner - Engineering Explained on the following questions.


Are Electric Cars Worse For The Environment? Myth Busted:


Watch the video by Jason Fenske at:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6RhtiPefVzM


What Happens To Old EV Batteries? https://youtu.be/1mXSMwZUiCU


Lithium percentage of an EV battery:


Afterlife of EV Batteries

Not from Jason, but I found this GreenCars.com information interesting:

What will we do with all the discarded batteries? At the moment, there are two solutions: they can be recycled or repurposed.

Many EV batteries still have up to 70% of their capacity left, meaning they can be used for many other energy storage needs.

Automakers are exploring ways to profit from used batteries.
In Japan, Nissan has repurposed batteries to power streetlights.

In Paris, Renault has batteries backing up elevators.

In Michigan, GM is using repurposed batteries from Chevy Volts to back up its data center.

VW recently opened its electric car battery recycling plant in Germany that can recycle 3,600 battery systems per year.

Repurposed EV batteries can also be useful for storing solar energy or running electric bikes and other tools. Finding new ways to turn these used batteries into productive solutions will benefit businesses, the environment and consumers.

Further research on birth to death of an EV compared to a compirable Inernal Combustion Engine.

Those hell bent on being anti-EVs first said they did not like Teslas thinking they "were not making any money" and might not last.  That point being debunked, they now seem to be using the argument that EVs are more polluting in the manufacturing process, and over the life of the car, than an I.C.E. car.

This Wall Street Journal article cites research to the contrary on that argument as well:

Are Electric Cars Really Better for the Environment?


"EVs produce fewer emissions overall than their gas-powered counterparts, but there are caveats."

Selected screenshots from the article:


The following screenshots can be enlarged for easier reading by double-clicking them.  Click the back arrow in your browser to return to this report.



IMG_0883-2.jpg    IMG_0884-2.jpg

IMG_0885-2.jpg    IMG_0886-2.jpg

The last two paragraphs above right are a good summary of the research.

Full article
Source:  https://www.wsj.com/graphics/are-electric-cars-really-better-for-the-environment/

How Miserable Is A Tesla Road Trip?

With a long roadtrip in my future, I found this video, also by Jason Fenske of Engineering Explained, made me more comfortable about tackling a long trip in our Tesla.

Watch the 24 min. video for yourself by clicking the link next to SOURCE below.  From the video I extracted these facts.

His trip was 1963 miles (the same number as the year he was born).  It took him 12 charging stops for 7:50 hours of charging,  average 40 minutes per stop.  Driving time was 30 hrs. (Used as eating and restroom time).  The 1,963 miles took a gas equivalent of 16.6 gallons of gas. (About one tank full in our second vehicle.)  He averaged 40 minute per charging stop.  Charging from 15% to 65% of the battery would take only 20 minutes.  His regular routine was to drive 200 miles and stop and charge for 50 minutes.  He always kept a 15% buffer as his arrival state of charge.  He averaged 75 mph even if the limit was 80.  If he was getting low on range, he just slowed down since the car is most efficient at lower speeds, such as in stop and go traffic on a trip.  He had 2 people in the car with "tons of stuff".  A/C was always on as well as music and USB charging of his phone, etc., which he said is not a huge drain on range.

Source:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uC95WACQhCY

"This Rookie Mistake Almost Left [them] Stranded"  by Kim Java

I watch many EV Youtubers and learn something about EVs from about every video.  In this Kim Java episode, her family drove from Atlanta to the beach at Isle of Palms, South Carolina, with 3 bicycles on the back of their Model X.  This caused them to lose more range than they expected and were initially predicted to arrive with 1% battery left.  However, with the extra drag of the bikes, it looked like they would not make it and they began energy saving measures of turning off the A/C, driving 60 mph, and drafting a semi truck.  The one thing I learned in this video is shown in the graph below showing how much energy can be saved by drafting a semi at various car lengths, which can be set in the Tesla's controls.


Average car length is 14.7 ft.  I had always heard that a safe following distance is 1 car length per 10 mph.  That would be about 10% improvement in the research above.

Kim Java's family made it.  Also in this episode is a discussion of charging at BnBs on either Level 1 (110 outlet) or Level 2 (220 dryer outlet) while staying overnight.

Source:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jhp3HKDeaLg

Tesla's Range Tips from the Owner's Manual



Hypermiling is the sport of squeezing a gallon of gas until it screams.

From Treehugger - Sustainability for All

Hypermiling is the sport of squeezing a gallon of gas until it screams. One popular technique is drafting, or driving really close behind big rigs to get into the low-pressure zone created as they move through the air. According to Discover online, driving in this "free ride zone" not only saves fuel for the tailgating driver, but also for the trucker, who is getting a little high pressure push.

Until something happens. Tim Haab at Environmental Economics shows test results from Mythbusters:

In scaled wind-tunnel tests, driving 100 feet behind a semi at 55 mph will reduce drag on your car by 40%. The drag reduction increases as you approach the bumper of the truck until you get a 93% drag reduction at a distance of 2 feet.

In road tests, the testers achieved an almost 20% improvement in gas mileage at a distance of 100 feet [7 car lengths] (at 55 mph) and a 45% improvement at 10 feet.

Tim also calculates that at 100 feet you have 1.25 seconds to respond if the truck slams on the brakes, (keep off that cell phone) and at ten feet you have .124 seconds. The reccommended distance at 55 miles per hour is 150 feet.

Conclusions: there are better ways to save fuel. ::Environmental Economics

Source.    https://www.treehugger.com/drafting-behind-trucks-does-it-work-4858386#:%7E:text=Hypermiling%20is%20the%20sport%20of,they%20move%20through%20the%20air.

How do truckers feel about cars drafting them?  If you are a long-distance trucker, give me your answer at Carl@TeslaTouring.com

How many miles can I drive after my electric vehicle says zero miles left?

I would never do this because Tesla says this may cause your vehicle to not be able to restart.  Maybe that is why Tesla, and other electric vehicles show zero early enough to be able to restart your vehicle.

Our exact model is 2nd from last in the chart above.

Non-Tesla Charging Challenges.

In June, 2021, a referral code use of 1,000 miles at any Tesla Supercharger had to be used by the end of the month.  I decided to use local Tesla Superchargers to consume some of those 1,000 free charging miles.  In this process, I used the Anaheim Hills Tesla Supercharger.

14 Superchargers, but only "up to 72 kW".

After I plugged in, I noticed a new Leaf plugged in nearby.  Upon closer observation, I noticed two 2-station ChargePoint chargers actually integrated into the line of Tesla Superchargers.
From the young lady owner, I learned that Nissan LEAF’s standard 40 kWh battery gives you 149 mile range. With its available 62 kWh battery, Nissan LEAF  gives you 226 mile range.  More facts at the Leaf website.

With the temporary registration on the windshield, I realized it was new, and asked the owner how ChargePoint worked


She explained that you need to sign up and receive a ChargePoint card, you touch it to the screen, wait for a connection, select the "pump" number, then plug it into your Leaf.  The Leaf's receptacle is near the front of the vehicle.  As you know the connection of a Tesla is one step - plug it in (all the info. is received from the car and you are charging quicker.)

Evidently this is a Level 2 ChargePoint and the miles per hour of charging are explained above.  This Leaf owner had been escorted to this ChargePoint by another car.  After talking to me, they left in that escort car, leaving the Leaf to finish charging, so they must be planning to charge for hours.

More ChargePoint charging facts Click Here.

My Referral Number is  https://ts.la/carl41979  Just click the URL to the left to go to the Tesla.com site, start a free account, and it will explain the benefits of using a referral number:


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